What is a Pre-Math Concept?
Pre-math skills are math skills essential for the preschoolers. The pre-math concept consists of counting numbers (at least till 20), identification and pronouncing numbers, identifying patterns and comparing objects of different sizes, shapes and colors.
This concept can be added as one among the table-top activities and gross motor activities or can be included within our activities of daily living.
Let’s jump into the activities to develop pre-math skills.
1. COLORING NUMBERS
- Take a chart paper and draw rows and columns. Write numbers 1-10 randomly in the grids.
- Show a number flashcard, for example 3, and ask the child to find the number in the chart and shade the grids containing number 3.
Repeat with different numbers and use different colors for each number.
While showing the flashcard, make the child pronounce the number and then identify to shade.
2. COUNT POM-POMS
- Provide some colorful pom-poms to the child.
- Take four cups and label them with numbers.
Red cup – 5; yellow cup – 2; green cup -3; blue cup – 4
- Ask the child to fill the cups with pom-poms (using tongs) by referring to the labelled number in each cup.
While filling, don’t forget to remind your kid to count the numbers aloud.
3. CLOTHES PIN OVER CARDBOARD
- Take a few pieces of cardboard and write a number on each cardboard randomly.
- Provide the child with a basket of colorful clothes pin.
The child needs to identify the number in cardboard and clip the respective number of clothespin over the cardboard.
4. STRINGING BEADS
- Red cup – 4 red beads and a string
- Yellow cup – 6 yellow beads and a string
- Green cup – 3 green beads and a string
- A number strip
Ask the child to count and string beads from each cup and on the numbers strip ask him/her to circle the number of beads on the string.
5. COUNT AND MATCH
- In this activity, the child is made to count the items on the left side and match the number (counted) on the right side.
6. SORT AND COUNT
For this activity, we can use either shapes, mini objects, coloured beads or small toys (but not limited to). Now ask the child to sort the items in different bowls and count the number of objects in each bowl.
This activity can also be performed using paper and pencil like below.